bestmareSE Capo Carbonara
In the south-east of Sardinia, fabulous coastal and submarine scenarios: headlands, coves and beaches and underwater granite pinnacles inhabited by schools of fish
Province: South Sardinia Province
Maximum altitude: 118 m a.s.l.
Location: Southern Tyrrhenian
The small town Carbonara, which became Villasimius only in 1862, took its name from the intense exploitation of charcoal, once practiced in the area. Its coasts have always been, in past centuries, a strategic area for the control of maritime traffic. The numerous watchtowers, present since the Middle Ages – often built on the ruins of an ancient nuraghe – and the fact that the coast has often been prey to Barbary pirates bear witness to this.
The Coastal Towers
Among the buildings still visible we remember the Tower of San Luigi in Serpentara, the Tower of Porto Giunco, of the Isola dei Cavoli, of Capo Boi and the Old Fortress. In visual contact with each other, they were part of a sighting system that guarded the entire Gulf of Cagliari.
Numerous shipwrecks have relegated for centuries, to the submarine depths of Villasimius, finds from all eras, the oldest of which is a Roman ship dated to 250 BC. carrying amphorae and pottery. Other findings include that of an entire Spanish galleon and a load of medieval pottery.
Until 10000 BC Lower and upper Paleolithic age.
10000-6000 BC Mesolithic Age.
6000-1800 BC Neolithic and Eneolithic ages.
1800-1600 BC Ancient Bronze Age; Bonnannaro culture.
1600-900 BC Middle and Late Bronze Age; Nuragic civilization.
900-535 BC Iron Age; The Phoenicians in Sardinia.
Historical age:
535-238 BC Carthaginian colonization.
238 BC – 455 AD Sardinia conquered by the Romans.
455-534 A.D. Occupation of the Vandals.
534-880 AD Sardinia ruled by the Byzantines.
880-1409 Civilization of the four Autonomous Kingdoms of Sardinia: The Giudicati.
(1100 -1300 Pisans and Genoese in Sardinia)
1409-1479 Catalan-Aragonese occupation.
1479-1714 Spanish domination.
1714-1718 Sardinia ruled by the Austrians
1718-1861 Kingdom of Sardinia
1861-1946 Sardinia is part of the Kingdom of Italy.
Sardinia has been part of the Italian Republic since 1946.
The Protected Marine Area of Capo Carbonara, located in the south-eastern extremity of Sardinia, is divided into two large bays (eastern and western) by the granite promontory of Capo Carbonara and the Isola dei Cavoli. In this stretch of coast there are environments of coastal cliffs, sandy coasts, wetlands and reforested environments.
The diversity of the coastline is essentially determined by the wave motion that incessantly and together with the wind exerts the erosive and smoothing action. The wind, a characteristic feature of the area which, together with the sea and seasonal streams, carry sediments, feeding the coasts with precious “sands”. An alternation of small and large beaches nestled between the rocky promontories that are the continuation towards the sea of the rocky ridges belonging to the granite massif Serpeddì – Sette Fratelli (historical-geographical region of Sarrabus).