THE AGRICULTURAL CRIMINAL COLOGNE
The history of the Asinara prisons begins far back in time, in 1855, when the approximately 500 shepherds and fishermen settled on the island were removed by royal decree: the island was in fact transformed into a quarantine health station and an agricultural penal colony. . At that time, therefore, the first cells appeared on the Asinara. During the First World War, however, it was the entire island that became a single large prison: in fact, about 25,000 Austro-Hungarian prisoners were diverted to the Asinara, brought here to remain under medical observation.
THE PRISON OF FORNELLI
Built at the end of the nineteenth century, it has a rectangular structure and covers an area of about 8000 square meters. During the Second World War it was used as a shelter for people suffering from turbeculosis, while in the 1970s it was transformed into a maximum security prison, also hosting inmates of the Red Brigades and Camorra. In the Eighties it “welcomed” mafia members subjected to the 41 bis regime. It was decommissioned in 1998.
There are about ten branches of the Asinara prisons, scattered throughout the 52 square kilometers of the island, each of which has gone over time to collect prisoners of different types, depending on the crimes committed. The first detention facility to be built was that of Fornelli, south of the island. In the seventies it became a maximum security prison, to house members of the Red Brigades – such as Curcio for example – and the Anonima Sarda. Precisely the Fornelli prison jumped on the front pages of the whole country in ’77 due to a violent revolt, which led to a marked tightening of the island’s control system. Another maximum security prison in Asinara is the bunker of Cala d’Oliva, which as anticipated hosted Riina, as well as Cutolo. On the island there is also the prison of Santa Maria, which collected inmates for drug dealing, those of Tumbarino, Stretti, Trabuccato, Campo Faro, Capo Perdu, Sa Zonca and Elighe Mannu.